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[language study] 著名国外小吃、食物和饮料的英文单词(配图)

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发表于 31-1-2011 15:24:25 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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最近在学习关于食品的单词,开贴做个记录。

提拉米苏
Tiramisu
Tiramisu (Italian: tiramisù; Venetian: tiramesù [tirameˈsu]; literally "pull me up") is one of the most popular Italian cakes. It is made of biscuits (usually savoiardi) dipped in coffee, layered with a whipped mixture of egg yolks and mascarpone, and flavored with liquor and cocoa.[1] The recipe has been adapted into many varieties of puddings, cakes and other desserts.

[ 本帖最后由 柯罗 于 31-1-2011 17:48 编辑 ]
250px-Tiramisu_Fanes.jpg

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 15:33:38 | 显示全部楼层

Moussaka慕沙卡茄子派

Most versions are based primarily on sautéed eggplant (aubergine) and tomato, usually with minced meat.
主要成分是茄子、土豆和肉末。起源奥斯曼土耳其帝国。
Mousakas small.jpg

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 15:40:07 | 显示全部楼层

tart 水果馅饼

A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savoury, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard.

blueberry tart

 blueberry tart

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 15:44:07 | 显示全部楼层

Döner kebab 土耳其烤肉

Döner kebab, literally "rotating kebab" in Turkish, is sliced lamb, beef or chicken, slowly roasted on a vertical rotating spit.

kebab

kebab

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 15:47:30 | 显示全部楼层

burrito 墨西哥玉米煎饼

It consists of a wheat flour tortilla wrapped or folded around a filling. The flour tortilla is usually lightly grilled or steamed, to soften it and make it more pliable. In Mexico, refried beans, Mexican rice, or meat are usually the only fillings and the tortilla is smaller in size.

A burrito, or taco de harina

A burrito, or taco de harina

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 15:52:21 | 显示全部楼层

nachos 墨西哥玉米脆片

Nachos are a popular corn based food of Mexican origin associated with Tex-Mex cuisine that can be either made quickly to serve as a snack or prepared with more ingredients to make a full meal. In their simplest form, nachos are tortilla chips or totopos covered in melted cheese.

nachos

nachos

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 16:00:16 | 显示全部楼层

Tempura 天妇罗

Tempura, is a Japanese dish of seafood or vegetables that has been battered and deep fried.
原来天妇罗就是海鲜或蔬菜裹面粉糊糊油炸而成,这么没文化的食品竟然翻成听起来这么高档的名字。

Tempura

Tempura

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 16:04:04 | 显示全部楼层

Kimchi 韩国泡菜

also spelled gimchi, kimchee, or kim chee, is a traditional fermented Korean dish, made of vegetables with varied seasonings.

kimchi

kimchi
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 16:30:27 | 显示全部楼层

Borscht 罗宋汤

is a soup of Ukrainian origin that is popular in many Eastern and Central European countries.
In most of these countries, it is made with beetroot as the main ingredient, giving it a deep reddish-purple color. In some countries tomato may occur as the main ingredient, while beetroot acts as a secondary ingredient.
Hot borscht, usually contains heavy starchy vegetables including potatoes and beets, but may also contain carrots, spinach, and meat. It may be eaten as a meal in itself, but is usually eaten as an appetizer with thick dark bread.
用甜菜根用作主料,也有的用番茄做主料的。

Ukrainian borscht

Ukrainian borscht

Lithuanian cold borscht

Lithuanian cold borscht

Russian borscht

Russian borscht

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 16:36:30 | 显示全部楼层

paella 西班牙(海鲜)烩饭

Three styles: Valencian paella, seafood paella and mixed paella
Mixed paella is a free-style combination of meat, seafood, vegetables and sometimes beans.

paella

paella

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:02:12 | 显示全部楼层

吃撑了,来喝几杯咖啡歇歇,歇够接着吃

接着是咖啡
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:09:38 | 显示全部楼层

Espresso 浓咖啡

Caffè espresso, or just espresso, is a concentrated beverage brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee.
Compared to other coffee brewing methods, espresso often has a thicker consistency, a higher concentration of dissolved solids, and crema (foam). As a result of the pressurized brewing process, all of the flavours and chemicals in a typical cup of coffee are very concentrated. For this reason, espresso is the base for other drinks, such as lattes, cappuccino, macchiato, mochas, and americanos.
这种咖啡是其他多种咖啡的原料。

[ 本帖最后由 柯罗 于 31-1-2011 17:12 编辑 ]

Espresso

Espresso
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:15:12 | 显示全部楼层

latte 拿铁

A latte (from the Italian caffè latte or caffellatte pronounced [ˌkaffelˈlatte], meaning "coffee [and] milk") is a coffee drink made with espresso and steamed milk.
即espresso+鲜奶

latte

latte

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:23:46 | 显示全部楼层

Cappuccino 卡布奇诺

A cappuccino is a coffee drink topped with foamed milk. It is made in a steam-producing espresso machine. Espresso is poured into the bottom third of the cup, and is followed by a similar amount of hot milk. The top third of the drink consists of firm milk froth prepared a minute or two earlier; this foam is often sculpted to an artistic peaked mound. Shaved chocolate, raw sugar, cinnamon or other spices are often sprinkled onto the top of the finished drink. The cappuccino is then consumed with a teaspoon.

Cappuccino

Cappuccino
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发表于 31-1-2011 17:24:19 | 显示全部楼层
提示: 作者被禁止或删除, 无法发言
谢谢分享。
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:32:14 | 显示全部楼层

macchiato 玛奇雅朵

"Macchiato" simply means "marked" or "stained," and in the case of caffè macchiato, this means literally "espresso stained/marked with milk." Traditionally it is made with one shot of espresso, and the small amount of added milk was the "stain." However, later the "mark" or "stain" came to refer to the foamed milk that was put on top to indicate the beverage has a little milk in it, usually about a teaspoon.

Macchiato

Macchiato
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:40:41 | 显示全部楼层

Cafe mocha 摩卡 (mochaccino)

Like a caffe latte, it is typically one third espresso and two thirds steamed milk, but a portion of chocolate is added, typically in the form of sweet cocoa powder, although many varieties use chocolate syrup. Mochas can contain dark or milk chocolate.
重点是加巧克力(可可粉或糖浆)

cafe mocha

cafe mocha
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:45:52 | 显示全部楼层
In the United States, "Americano" is used broadly to mean combining hot water and espresso in either order, but in a narrower definition it refers to adding water to espresso (espresso on the bottom), while adding espresso to water (espresso on the top) is instead referred to as a long black.
掺水咖啡就是了。
纠结的是,水掺咖啡和咖啡掺水会产生两种咖啡。。。

Americano

Americano
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 17:50:46 | 显示全部楼层
先歇歇,过会儿再来。
欢迎大家补充。关键词:出名的、食物和饮料、准确定义、配图。
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 18:09:33 | 显示全部楼层

Fondue 芝士火锅

Fondue is a Swiss and French dish of melted cheese served in a communal pot (caquelon) over a small burner (rechaud), and eaten by dipping long-stemmed forks with bread into the cheese.
芝士火锅据说是瑞士某芝士协会为了大量增加芝士消耗量想出来的阴谋。霍霍。。。
作为中国火锅的粉丝,对这种换汤不换药的雷同不由得。。。
220px-Swiss_fondue_2.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 18:14:25 | 显示全部楼层

milkshake 奶昔

A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage which is made from milk, ice cream or iced milk, and flavorings or sweeteners such as fruit syrup or chocolate sauce. Milkshakes are usually served in a tall glass with a straw, and whipped cream may be added as a topping. Several popular milkshake flavors include vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry.

strawberry milkshake

strawberry milkshake
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 18:56:35 | 显示全部楼层

下面上四种面条

In general, they are called pasta.
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:01:13 | 显示全部楼层

Macaroni 通心面

Macaroni is a variety of moderately extended machine-made dry noodle. Macaroni noodles do not contain eggs, and are normally cut in shorter, hollow shapes; however, the term refers not to the shape of the pasta, but to the type of dough from which the noodle is made.

macaroni

macaroni
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:04:44 | 显示全部楼层

spaghetti 实心面条

Spaghetti is a long, thin, cylindrical pasta of Italian origin. Spaghetti is made of semolina or flour and water.
最常见的意粉,实心的。

spaghetti

spaghetti

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:11:27 | 显示全部楼层

Fusilli 螺旋面?辫子面?

Fusilli is a long, thick, corkscrew shaped pasta, commonly with 3 interlocking screws .
还有一种短一点的螺旋面叫Rotini。这些弯弯绕的结构据说是为了很好的夹住酱汁和辅料。

[ 本帖最后由 柯罗 于 31-1-2011 19:17 编辑 ]

fusilli

fusilli

rotini

rotini
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:14:32 | 显示全部楼层

Lasagna 烤宽面条

Lasagna (plural Lasagne) is a classic Italian pasta casserole dish which consists of alternate layers of pasta, cheese, a sauce, and often other ingredients.
这个比较爱吃。

lasagna

lasagna
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:20:02 | 显示全部楼层

回复 #15 pinxinge 的帖子

谢谢加分捧场。
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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:27:40 | 显示全部楼层

Tom yum or Tom yum goong 冬阴功

Tom yum is characterized by its distinct hot and sour flavors, with fragrant herbs generously used. The basic broth is made of stock and fresh ingredients such as lemon grass, kaffir lime leaves, galangal, lime juice, fish sauce and crushed chili peppers.

Tom yum is usually made with prawns (tom yum goong or tom yum kung), chicken (tom yum kai), fish (tom yum pa in Laotian and tom yum pla in Thai), or mixed seafood (tom yum thale or tom yum po taek) and mushrooms - usually straw mushrooms or oyster mushrooms. The soup is often topped with generous sprinkling of fresh chopped cilantro (coriander leaves).

tom yum

tom yum

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 楼主| 发表于 31-1-2011 19:41:13 | 显示全部楼层

Yoghurt 酸乳酪

Yoghurt, yogurt or yogourt (Turkish: Yoğurt) is a dairy product produced by bacterial fermentation of milk.
据说公元前2000就有人吃这东西了。这个词起源于土耳其。
220px-Cacik-1.jpg

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发表于 2-2-2011 10:48:12 | 显示全部楼层
not bad!
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