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[学习深造] 开贴记录一下悉尼学习叉车(forklift)

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发表于 21-9-2012 11:10:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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现在工作的地方需要用叉车,决定自己学个证。
毕竟有个证件觉得好像是合法驾驶一样。

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参与人数 1威望 +50 收起 理由
摄郎 + 50 谢谢分享!

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发表于 22-9-2012 23:14:46 | 显示全部楼层
这个好耶,好奇ing……LZ发上来大家围观一下。

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参与人数 1威望 +50 收起 理由
xitucheng + 50 谢谢鼓励

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 楼主| 发表于 25-10-2012 12:31:05 | 显示全部楼层
不好意思,填坑来了

觉得考叉车证也不是那么困难的,如果单纯说是学叉车,基本上如果你会开车的话,有个人给你讲解一下,大概一下午你就会开了。


考试大概分成两个部分。

理论和驾驶,理论部分,和考驾照一样,需要先过了理论笔试才可以驾驶。

笔试部分

一共是97道题库。其中95个简答题,2个选择题,分成两部分。如果英语不是母语,或者是文盲有书写困难,可以申请用口试的方式考试,

第一部分 有30个题目是必答的,而且这30个不允许出错。
第二部分 是从其他的67个题目中随机抽取出22个,这22个,可以错25%,就是总共可以错5个。这22个题又分成三部分,分别是第一部分可以错1个第二部分可以错3个,第三部分可以错1个。

驾驶部分

如果之前会开的话,会非常简单,只需要背过一些需要检查的项目即可。如果不会开叉车的话,大概需要半天来练习,也不难。

考试过程包括
1、        做叉车的准备过程的检查,
2、        明示在操作环境中可能存在的风险
3、        启动叉车,并测试叉车各个设施
4、        操作叉车装载一个栈板,然后顺时针绕一圈再放回去
5、        操作叉车装载一个栈板,然后逆时针绕一圈,然后再放回到大概3米高的位置上。
6、        完成操作之后,关闭叉车并停好。

  理论笔试部大家一起答,大概快的话5分钟。慢的话20分钟。
  操作部分一般持续30分钟左右。根据个人情况。

  现在悉尼的培训大概是两天的课程330元左右。
  你要是之前拿到的材料了。直接过去考试差不多也是这个价格。

   一般是试用count blance 叉车进行考试,有的时候也可以用high reach的,但是有的用high reach 的有可能会多收50元的培训费。
但是无论是用count blance 叉车还是用high reach 的叉车,学下来的证是一样的。

   如果考试通过,会给你一个临时的有效期60天的证件。你需要带你的护照和驾照,去邮局办理正式的证件,正式的证件的办理费用是65元,照相费用是14,如果你有护照用的相片也可以自己带去。省14块钱。
大概两周之后收到证件。
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 楼主| 发表于 25-10-2012 12:37:19 | 显示全部楼层
http://www.infrontstaffing.com/p ... essment%20Guide.pdf

这个是理论考试的试题。

红色的题号的就是必答题。

试题是我随便从网上找的。应该很容易随处可以找到。

很多题简单的让人不敢答。
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 楼主| 发表于 25-10-2012 13:55:48 | 显示全部楼层
发一些题目
有星号的就是必答题

Q1. You are required to inspect your forklift truck before use. Name at
least 4 liquid levels that would form part of your inspection.
在你使用叉车前的检查过程中,列举至少4个你应该检查的液面高度。
• Hydraulic oil  液压油
• Engine oil  引擎油  
• Transmission oil   传动液
• Brake fluid  制动液
• Cooling water  制冷剂
• Fuel  燃料
• Battery Electrolyte in each cell 电池液面  


Q2. You are required to inspect your forklift truck before use. Name at
least four parts which would form part of your inspection?
在你使用叉车前的检查过程中,列举至少4个需要检查的部件
• Brakes  刹车
• Steering  转向
• Controls 控制器
• Lights  灯
• Warning devices 警报器  
• Tyres  轮胎
• Attachments 附件
• Security of attachments 附件的安全
  
Q3*. What precautions should be taken by the operator when a leak in
the fuel system is suspected or detected?
如果你发现燃油不足,应该怎么做
Isolate fuel supply if possible. The machine should be immediately stopped,
the leak reported to an authorised person and an appropriate warning notice
placed on the forklift, indicating forklift must not be used. Remove Keys
关闭燃油系统,标记叉车,拿走钥匙,汇报主管

Q4. During your pre operational check a hydraulic leak is detected. What Forklift Theory Assessment Exam action would you take?
如果你发现液压液不足,应该怎么做
Report it to an authorised person and place a warning notice on the forklift
indicating forklift must not be used. Remove Keys
标记叉车,拿走钥匙,汇报主管。

Q5*. During your pre operational check you notice the Data Plate is
missing or unreadable. What action would you take?
如果你发现数据牌丢失,你应该怎么做
Report it to an authorised person and place a warning notice on the forklift
indicating forklift must not be used. Remove Keys
标记叉车,拿走钥匙,汇报主管。

Q6. Under what circumstances could an operator make minor repairs,
alterations or adjustments to a forklift truck?
在何种条件下,可以修理调整叉车的镜子。
Only if the operator was a competent person and was authorised by the
employer.  
只能被极其有经验并被雇主授权的操作员调整。

Q7. If you noticed a crack in the heel of a fork arm would you try and
repair it yourself?  
如果你发现叉车的叉子的底端有裂缝,你应该自己修复吗?
No, it must be reported to an authorised person and a warning noticed placed
on the forklift indicating forklift must not be used. Remove Keys
不,只能由授权人士修复,应该立刻拔掉钥匙,标记叉车,汇报主管。

Q8. A tyre is found to have low pressure. When would you attend to this
problem?
一个轮胎失压,应该什么时候解决这个问题。
Immediately  立刻

Q9. What important function does a load backrest (load guard) perform
on a forklift truck?
载重支架(load backrest)的作用是什么
A load backrest stops the load from fouling the mast and prevents the load
falling onto the operator.
阻止载重滑落到到起重臂(mast)阻止载重砸到操作者

Q10. To protect the operator from falling objects, what should be
provided on a forklift truck?
叉车的那个部位保护操作者不被掉下来的东西砸着?
• Overhead guard   头部保护架
• Load backrest     载重支架

Q11*. Should a forklift truck be refuelled while the engine is running?
Explain your answer.
叉车可以开车引擎加油吗?为什么
No. The running engine could ignite the fuel.
不能,可能爆炸

Q12*. What direction must the load face when travelling up a ramp?
上坡的时候, 载重应该超那个方向
The forklift must travel up the ramp forwards, therefore the load must face
uphill.  
上坡方向

Q13. When travelling up a ramp, why must the load face uphill?
上坡的时候为什么 载重要朝向上坡方向
To ensure stability is maintained and to prevent load from falling off the fork
arms.
确保载重稳定放置载重从叉子上滑落

Q14*. What direction must the load face when travelling down a ramp?
下坡的时候载重应该朝哪个方向?
The forklift must travel down in reverse, therefore the load must face uphill.
上坡方向

Q15*. Why is it unsafe to turn a forklift truck when it is on a ramp or sloping surface?
为什么在坡上转弯不安全?
Because lateral stability is affected and the forklift could overturn or the load could slide.
稳定性受到影响,叉车可能侧翻,载重有可能滑落

Q16*. When operating a forklift why is it dangerous to turn a corner with the load raised?
为什么载重升高的情况下转弯危险?
Lateral stability is affected and the forklift truck could tip over sideways.
稳定性受到影响,叉车可能侧翻,载重有可能滑落

Q17. How should you drive a forklift truck across railway tracks?
开叉车如何过铁路
At an angle of 45 degrees and at a slow speed. Ramps or bridging plates should be used if instability is likely to occur.
和铁路呈45°角,低速通过。如果不稳定可能用过桥板。

Q18*. When travelling, at what height should the load and fork arms be?
运货的时候,叉子放在什么高度?
Approximately axle height or a reasonable minimum distance from the
operating surface.
车轴的高度,或者尽可能的接近地面。

Q19. When travelling name two items/conditions that would influence your speed of travel.
列举两种影响到你的驾驶速度的情况
• Surface condition  地表条件
• Physical layout of work area 工作场所的布局
• Potential hazards  潜在风险
• The size of the load to be moved 载重大小  
• Proximity to pedestrians  附近行人
• Weather conditions  天气
• Speed limit signs  限速标志
• Workplace policy 工作场所政策

Q20*. A pallet contains an unbalanced load with one end heavier than the other. Which end should be against the heel of the fork arms?
一个栈板一头重 一头轻,叉的话从哪头叉
The heavier end of the load must always be against the heel of the forks.
重的一头

Q21. What would you do if you noticed a badly damaged pallet supporting a load?
发现一个栈板坏了,应该干什么
The load should not be lifted. The load should be removed and re-stacked on
an undamaged pallet.  
坏的栈板不能叉,换一个没坏的栈板重新把载重放上去。

Q22. How should bagged goods be transported and stored?
袋装物品如何运输和存储
Bagged goods should be stored on pallets. Bags should be cross stacked and
stepped (pyramid shaped) above 1.5 metres.
袋装物品需要放到栈板上,交叉拜访呈金字塔形,大约1.5米高。

Q23*. What is the minimum distance you should keep your forklift truck
and load away from domestic powerlines and high voltage transmission
lines?
叉车作业的时候距离电线和高压线应该多远
At least 2 metres from domestic powerlines and at least 6 metres from high
voltage transmission lines.  
电线2米,高压线6米。

Q24. What would you do if you drove your forklift truck mast into powerlines? List three actions.
叉车的起重臂碰到高压线碰到电线怎么办,列出3条
• Remain in or on the forklift truck  呆在叉车上别动
• Warn other people to stay clear and not touch the forklift 告诉附近的人别靠近叉车  
• Try and break contact with powerlines by moving forklift if possible  尝试通过移动叉车尝试解除接触。
• Remain in or on the forklift until informed that conditions are safe  呆在叉车上直到危险解除。
• If you must leave the forklift, jump clear ensuring that you don't contact the forklift and the ground at the same time   如果你必须离开叉车,离开的时候,不要同时接触地面和叉车。

Q25*. Why is it dangerous to use internal combustion engines in confined spaces?
为什么封闭环境使用内燃机动力叉车危险?
Persons in the confined spaces could be overcome by dangerous gas generated by the combustion engine.  
封闭环境内燃机产生有害气体对人体有害。

Q26. What is the most suitable type of forklift truck to use in confined spaces?
封闭环境应该使用何种叉车?
A battery powered forklift truck.
电池动力叉车

Q27. Why must batteries be charged in a well ventilated area?
为什么电池需要在开放区域充电?
To reduce the risk of a build up of explosive gases.
减少充电产生的气体的爆炸的可能性
  
Q28*. Why must you not smoke when charging or changing forklift truck batteries?
为什么叉车充电的时候不能吸烟
The gases given off by the batteries will explode if ignited.
电池释放的气体可能爆炸

Q29. What type of forklift truck should be selected for working on rough or unstable terrain?在高地不平地面上应该用什么型号的叉车?
Four wheel drive or rough terrain type forklift truck.
四轮驱动或者地面不平专用叉车

Q30. What is meant by “collapsed height” in relation to a forklift truck?
什么是收缩高度?
It is the distance from the ground to the top of the mast when the fork arms are at their lowest position.
当叉子在最低的时候,从地面到起重臂的上端的高度

Q31. What is meant by “overall extended height” in relation to a forklift truck?
什么是最大延伸高度
It is the distance from the ground to the top of the load backrest when the
mast is fully raised.
当叉子伸到最高的时候,从地面到载重支架上端的高度

Q32. When travelling with a large load that obscures your vision, what precautions would you take?
当载重阻碍你的视线的时候,你应该怎么办?
Travel in reverse or use another person to guide you.
倒车行进,或者找一个人指引你

Q33*. What should be provided when a forklift truck is working over a roadway, footpath or areas open to the public?
什么东西应该被提供,当叉车在 路上公共区域干活的时候?
Barriers with appropriate safety signs, or alternatively a flag person present at all times.
障碍 安全警示标志和  向导

Q34*. Name two safeguards to protect other personnel when loads are been moved by a forklift truck.  
列举两个保护他人的安全措施,当叉车移动的时候。
Post signs, place barriers, control movement of personnel, use of lights and horns.
放置标志  障碍, 找向导来控制, 使用闪光警示等和 鸣笛

Q35*.Why is “rear end” swing dangerous on forklift trucks fitted with rear end steering?
为什么尾端旋转十分危险?
The rapid sideways movement at the rear of the forklift truck creates a hazard, particularly for pedestrians near by.  
尾端旋转十分快,会造成对附近的行人的风险
Q36. Why is a work permit to operate a forklift truck necessary at some work sites?
为什么 工作许可证对于操作叉车是必要的,在一些工作场合
To ensure safety control measures are in place and are followed before operating.
确保安全操作方法得以正确的应用。
Q37. May a load be carried by only one fork arm of the forklift truck?
Explain your answer.
可以用一个叉子挑载重吗?为什么
No. The fork arm carrying the load may be over stressed and the lateral stability of the forklift truck will be seriously affected.  
不行 , 压力过大 影响侧面的稳定性

Q38. Are you allowed to add additional counterweights to a forklift truck
without referring to the forklift manufacturer? Explain your answer.
你可以增加额外的非厂家指定配重吗?为什么
No, unless advised otherwise by the manufactures, the existing
counterweights have been designed for the maximum Safe Working Load of
the forklift truck.
不行,除非是厂家指定的配重

Q39. What precautions should the operator take when operating the
forklift truck on wet or slippery surfaces?
在湿滑表面上操作应该注意什么?
Reduce speed and proceed with caution. Turn corners slowly and drive in a
manner consistent with operating surface
低速操作,转弯慢, 一直保持的这样操作方式
Q40*. What checks should be made before using an attachment on forklift truck?
使用附件的时候应该检查什么?
The attachment must be an appropriate type suitable for the forklift truck and
the load to be lifted. Must be properly attached to the forklift with a suitable
locking device. Data plate must allow for the use of the attachment  
附件是适当的类型
附件能正确的安装到叉车
附件在出厂铭牌上有列出

Q41. If you are required to use an attachment that you are not familiar with, what should you do?
如果你要求使用一个你不熟悉的配件,你应该怎么办?
Familiarise yourself with the equipment before starting work, and if necessary
undergo additional training with an experienced person.  
先熟悉这个配件,如果有必要参加培训

Q42. Name three operating precautions that must be taken when using a jib attachment?
列举三个操作,在你使用吊钩配件的时候。

• Travel at a slow speed and make all turns slowly  低速行进 低速旋转
• Load must be kept as low to the ground as possible  载重必须尽可能的贴近地面
• Jib must be kept as low to the ground as possible  钩子必须尽可能的贴近地面
• Jib must be kept as low as possible and not tilted forward past the vertical 钩子必须往回收着别过垂直线  
• Treat forklift as if it is partially loaded at all times, even when no load is on the jib
任何情况下视同叉车有载重
  
Q43. Is it permissible to use the forward tilt when lifting loads with a jib attachment? Explain your answer.
当用钩子附件的时候,能把叉子向前挑吗?为什么
No, the mast must be vertical or on back tilt at all times.
不行,任何时候必须垂直或者后挑。

Q44. What must be marked at each hook position on a jib attachment?
钩子上必须写着什么?
Safe Working Load. (SWL)
安全载重额
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发表于 25-10-2012 15:39:38 | 显示全部楼层
造福后人呀。
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 楼主| 发表于 25-10-2012 16:53:28 | 显示全部楼层
Q45. When operating a forklift fitted with a carpet spike, what precautions would you take?
当用叉车运送类似地毯一样的卷筒状物品的时候,有什么注意的?
The operator must be aware of the protruding length of the spike and that
longitudinal stability and load capacity are significantly reduced. Particular
care must be taken when turning.  
要注意这东西的超出部分的长度
叉车的稳定性和额定载重会受到影响
转弯的时候要特别注意

Q46. Why should a side-shift attachment be centralised before travelling with a load?
为什么左右调整的配件要在运输过程中放在中间位置?
The forklift truck will be unstable if the centre of gravity of the load is off to one
side.  
如果载重的中心偏离的话,叉车会不稳。

Q47. When using a revolving attachment is it permissible to rotate the
load while travelling? Explain your answer.
可以在叉车移动的过程中使用旋转的配件吗?为什么
No. Forklift stability can be affected. Rotation of the load should only be taken
place when the forklift is stationary.  
不行,叉车的稳定性会收到影响,只能在停下来的时候用

Q48. What should be used to carry drums with a forklift truck?
应该用什么运载桶装物品?
With a drum clamp or on a pallet.
用抓桶装物品的钳子,或者把桶装物品放到栈板上。

Q49. What must a lifting ring and the slings attached to it have in common?
吊环和吊索上必须都有什么?
Both must have equal lifting capacity or Safe Working Load.
都要有额定载重 和安全载重额度

Q50. Should a jib attachment, lifting hook be fixed or able to swivel?
用配件 钩子吊东西的时候,钩子是固定的还是旋转的?
Able to swivel
旋转的

Q51. For what reason must you ensue that a jib attachment hook is centred directly over a load before lifting?
为什么用钩子吊东西的时候 钩子在起吊之前是在载重中间的?
To ensure the forklift trucks stability is not affected and to prevent the load from swinging on lift.  
确保叉车的稳定性不会受到影响,同事组织负载在掉的过程中摇摆

Q52. When should slings be inspected?
什么时候应该检查吊索?
Prior to their use.   
使用之前

Q53. When inspecting wire rope slings, list five defects that would render the sling unsafe to use?
当检查绳索、吊索的时候,列出5中可能造成吊索不安全的原因
Stretched wire, affected by heat, rust, crushing, acid attack, damaged eye
splicing, illegible tags or missing tags or birdcaging and more that 10% of
wires broken within a length of 8 times the diameter of the wire rope.
绳子松拧、受热、生锈、受压、受酸、接口部分松动、标签难以辨认或丢失、birdcaging

Q54. How would you determine the working load limit (WLL) for
synthetic webbing slings?
对于合成材料的吊索,如何确定吊索的载重额度?
• By colour coding to Australian standards根据澳标颜色  
• By label or tag attached to sling  根据标签

Q55. Why is it important to secure the pin in a shackle?
为什么卡栓扣在扣环上是对安全很重要 的?
To prevent it unscrewing. 防止它松拧

Q56. What percentage of wear in a shackle would make it unsafe to use?
卡扣磨损到多少就不安全了?
10% wear
百分之十

Q57. How would you determine the Safe Working Load of a multi-leg
chain sling?
如何确定多个连接的吊索的额定载重额度?
By the metal tag attached to the upper terminal link or sling immediately
adjacent to it or calculate using the appropriate formula.  
看最上边的吊索的标签或者用公式算

Q58*. Should a load be raised or lowered near or over people? Explain
your answer.
载重可以提升在或者接近人吗?为什么?
No, not under any circumstances, loads must never be passed over people.
不行,就是不行,载重不能在人的头上。

Q59. What must be provided on a forklift truck to allow a passenger to
be carried?
什么情况下叉车可以载人?
An approved seat and footrest.
用一个允许的座椅或者脚踏板

Q60*. Is it permissible to carry passengers on the bare fork arms or load? Explain your answer.
可以用叉车的叉子或者载重载人吗?为什么?
No, It could cause an injury.
不行,容易导致伤害。

Q61*. By what means can people be raised on a forklift truck?
什么情况下可以用叉车载人?
By use of a correctly secured Safety Cage (Forklift Truck Work Platform).
使用安全的牢固的载人平台

Q62. When using a Work Platform to lift people, what position must the
travel controls be in, and in what position must the parking brake be?
叉车载人的时候,叉车的档位和手刹是怎样的?
Travel controls must be in neutral. Parking brake must be engaged.  
空挡、拉手刹

Q63. Where must the operator of a forklift remain when a person is
raised in a Work Platform?
叉车载人,人升起来的时候,操作叉车的人在干什么?
Operator must remain at the forklift controls at all times.
操作者必须确保叉车时时刻刻的在自己控制之下。

Q64*. Is a stepladder or other device allowed to be used to gain extra height whilst working from a Work Platform?
叉车可以在载人平台上,再用梯子来增加额外的高度吗?
No, not under any circumstances.
不行,什么时候都不行

Q65. On an electric forklift what would you use to isolate the power supply in an emergency?
电动叉车在紧急情况下如何切断电源?
The emergency isolator.
紧急切断电源按钮



Q66. Give reasons why pre-operational checks are necessary before operating a forklift truck.
为什么在使用叉车之前进行检查是有必要的?
To identify damage, prevent accidents and to ensure safe operation of forklift
truck.  
检查损坏、减少事故、确保安全操作叉车

Q67. If any defects are found or detected what must you do?
如果发现了损坏,应该做什么?
Report it to an authorised person. Remove Key, Tag forklift
拔下钥匙,标记叉车,汇报主管。

Q68 Why is tyre pressure, and condition for pneumatic types, important
to the stability of a forklift truck?
为什么胎压对于叉车的稳定性很重要?
A flat tire or one with low pressure could cause instability and cause forklift to
turn over.失压轮胎影响叉车稳定性,容易导致叉车侧翻




Q69. Because of load length, two forklift trucks are used to handle the
same load (simultaneous use). Name any three operating precautions
that must be observed.
有的时候需要用两个叉车协同作业来吊举超长物体,列举三个必须遵守的事项
• Only experienced operators to be used  使用有经验的驾驶员
• The operation must be controlled by a third person who is responsible
and experienced  由第三人指挥
• The load applied to each forklift truck must be no more than 75% of its
rated capacity, taking account of stability, load-centre distance and any
other factors which may affect the forklift SWL额定载重不要超过叉车 的额定载重的75%。载重中心距会影响到额定载重  
• The distance travelled shall be limited to clearing the load carrier  吊举距离和应该有限,而且清洁。

Q70. How would you establish the capacity and limitations of the forklift
truck and equipment you are required to use?
你如何知道你的叉车的额定载重?
By the forklift data plate and by information provided by your employer and
documented by the manufacturer.
出场铭牌或者制造商提供的文档

Q71. What is meant by the term “Rated Capacity” in relation to a forklift
truck?什么叫额定载重? (71、72、75题必须一个词都不能错)

It is the maximum load that a forklift truck is designed to carry at a specified
load elevation at a specific load centre distance.
叉车设计的在特定载重中心距 在特定高度下的最大载重重量。

Q72*. What is meant by load centre distance?
什么叫载重中心距(这道题必须一个词都不能错,而且这道题必考)
The distance measured from the vertical face of the forks to the loads centre
of gravity.
从叉子的垂直壁到载重的重心的距离。

Q73*. How does increasing the load centre affect the capacity of a forklift truck?
载重中心距增加对载重额度有什么影响?
Reduces the forklift truck capacity.
减少载重额度

Q74. How will a forklift truck be affected if the load is not hard against
the heel of the fork arms?
如果载重没有插到叉子的根部,叉车有什么影响?
The forklift trucks capacity will be reduced and stability may be affected.
叉车的载重额回减少,稳定性受到影响

Q75*. Where is the forward Point of Balance (fulcrum) for a forklift truck?
前平衡支点是哪里?(这道题必须一个词都不能错,而且这个题必考)
Where a line drawn vertically, passing through the centre of the front axle,
meets the ground.  
穿过前车轴中点的一条假象垂直线和地面交叉的点

Q76*. Is all the weight behind the Point of Balance acting as a counterweight?
所有在前平衡支点后面的重量都是配重吗?
Yes.


Q77*. The forklift trucks in Attachment A are rated at 2000 kg at 600 mm
load centre, which one is overloaded?
附件A中的叉车在600毫米的载重中心点中的额定载重是2000kg,请问那个超重了?
Load A
.
Q78*. A forklift truck in Attachment B is rated at 4500 kg at 600 mm load
centre. Which of the loads are within the capacity of the forklift truck?
附件B中的叉车在600毫米的载重中心点的时候的额定载重是4500公斤,请问那个没有超重?
Load C

Q79. Give two reasons why you check the weight of a load against the forklift truck specifications.
为什么你要检查载重的重量匹配在叉车的额定载重之内,给两个原因
• To ensure load is within forklift truck lifting capacity  确保载重是在叉车的额定载重之内
• To prevent accidents and avoid damage 减少事故避免损坏
• To stop overloading  放置超载

Q80*. How would you determine the weight of an unmarked load?
如何知道未标记载重的重量?
By calculation, consignment notes or weighbridge certificates etc.
计算,运送单据、过泵称重
Q81. What is the approximate mass (weight) of a 200 Litre (44 gallon) drum full of water?
200升的桶装水的毛重是多少?
213 kg

Q82. How many kilograms are there in 1 tonne?
1吨是多少KG
1000 kg

Q83. What things should be considered when tiering (stacking) loads on top of each other?
你堆板的注意事项
• Loads should be stacked on a firm level site  底部坚固
• Heavy goods must be placed at the bottom  重物在下
• Stack should not become unstable due to height  越高越不稳

Q84. When should forward tilt of the mast be used?
什么时候用叉子前挑?
Only when required to place fork arms under loads or out from beneath loads
just placed in position, or when placing a load on a stack and when parking a
machine fitted with forks.  
放下栈板 和 停车的时候

Q85. A pallet appears to be unsafely loaded. What would you do before
attempting to lift it?
一个栈板看上去不稳,你在运输之前应该怎么办?
Restack it so it is safe.
重新堆板,这样就稳了

Q86*. Name three operating conditions that may cause a forklift truck to
tip over sideways? (lateral instability)
列举三种有可能导致叉车侧翻的原因
• Turning at speed   转弯的是时候速度快
• Driving over uneven surfaces  在不均匀的表面上操作
• Unevenly distributed load  不平衡的载重
• Driving with a flat or under inflated tyre  轮胎失压
• Driving too fast (even unloaded)   开的 太快
• Turning with the load raised   转弯的时候载重升起
• Braking too hard when cornering  旋转地时候急刹车
• Side shift not centred  载重没有在中间

Q87*. Name three operating conditions that may cause a forklift truck to
tip forward length-ways? (longitude instability)
列举三种有可能导致叉车前翻的原因
• Overloading  超载
• Severe braking 急刹车
• Incorrect use of the mast tilt (especially with the load carried at a high
level)  不正确 的使用前挑
• Load not positioned against the heel of the fork arms  
载重没有插到底部
• Shifting of the load centre forward (centre of load is forward of the
approved load centre)  
载重中心点前移
• Operating on sloping surface  在倾斜表面操作

Q88. What should be provided for the gap between a truck and a loading
dock before shifting a load?
如果卡车和装卸坞之间有距离,需要用什么?
Secured dock plates or bridge plates.
船坞板 或者 过桥板

Q89. Which vehicles must you give right of way to during emergency
situations?
你需要给那类紧急车辆让路?
All emergency vehicles.所有的紧急车辆


Q90*. Name three locations within the workplace where you would not
park your forklift truck.
那里不能停叉车?
• First aid stations  急救站
• Fire fighting appliances  消火栓
• Doorways  门廊
• Sloping surfaces 斜坡
• Pedestrian walkways  行人道
• Emergency exits  紧急出口
• Obstructing other traffic  挡住其他交通流的地方
• Less than 2 metres to the nearest rail of a rail track 距离铁路2米以内

Q91. Why would you not park your forklift in front of a doorway?
为什么叉车不能停在门廊
The doorway may need to be used in an emergency.
有可能紧急情况下使用

Q92. If your forklift must be parked on an inclined surface, what
precaution would you take?
如果叉车必须停在斜坡,怎么办?
In addition to normal parking procedures, chock the wheels of the forklift.
正常停车,停好之后 ,上楔子
Q93. When parking your forklift truck what must be done with the fork
arms?
停车的时候,叉车的叉子怎么放?
Fork arms must be lowered so that the fork arms are resting flat on the
supporting surface.
放低,松弛状态

Q94. Why do you turn off the LPG fuel valve after parking and before
leaving your forklift truck?
为什么要关掉LPG气罐,在停好叉车之后?
To reduce the risk of explosion and leaking LPG
减少泄露和爆炸的风险.

Q95. Give 3 reasons why post operational checks are carried out on a forklift?
为什么用完之后的要检查叉车,给三个原因
• To detect structural damage  检查结构性损伤
• All systems are closed off   确保所有的系统都关掉了
• Leaks in oil/hydraulic lines  检查油面 液压油 高度
• Forklift is ready for next 确保叉车可以给下一个人用

Q96. Whilst carrying out a post operational check, you notice a fault,
what do you do before leaving the forklift?
叉车用完之后检查发现了问题怎么办?
Remove the keys and place a warning notice on the forklift indicating the
forklift must not be used, and then report the fault to an authorised person.
把钥匙, 标记叉车,汇报主管

Q97. What is the reason for removing the ignition key when leaving the
forklift truck unattended?
为什么走的 时候要拔钥匙?
To prevent unauthorised movement of the forklift truck.
组织非授权用户使用叉车
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发表于 25-10-2012 20:22:53 | 显示全部楼层
比驾照理论难啊
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 楼主| 发表于 25-10-2012 20:44:53 | 显示全部楼层
感觉简答题比选择题难,
其实多看几遍也没有那么难。

很多超级弱智的题
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发表于 2-12-2012 23:25:48 | 显示全部楼层
感谢LZ, 我在meulbourne也报了叉车考试,不知道是否题目一样,先学习了,谢谢
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发表于 7-12-2012 11:19:16 | 显示全部楼层
楼上哪儿报的叉车?我也在mel,也想学个证
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发表于 13-12-2012 21:44:29 | 显示全部楼层


mel很多,我是在frankston一家学的,教练很nice,基本上你不把车子开翻都可以拿到证
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发表于 14-12-2012 17:53:47 | 显示全部楼层
找part time叉车工作好找吗?
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发表于 14-12-2012 18:31:50 | 显示全部楼层
我在perth, forklift证拿了三个月了,
Mel叉车工行情怎么样?
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 楼主| 发表于 17-2-2013 09:09:19 | 显示全部楼层
一小时这么也要给到20吧
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发表于 25-4-2013 22:08:29 | 显示全部楼层
各位兄弟,请问一下这么多简答题的答案都需要背下来吗?几天时间哪背的了那么多啊
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 楼主| 发表于 3-6-2013 18:00:43 | 显示全部楼层
milanmengxiang 发表于 25-4-2013 22:08
各位兄弟,请问一下这么多简答题的答案都需要背下来吗?几天时间哪背的了那么多啊

理论上需要背下来。

但是一上考场,反正你也有你的本事。
再加上监考也不是很严。
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发表于 3-6-2013 19:07:15 | 显示全部楼层
rhkwd 发表于 13-12-2012 21:44
mel很多,我是在frankston一家学的,教练很nice,基本上你不把车子开翻都可以拿到证

您好,我也在Mel,私訊請教您了!
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发表于 24-2-2014 20:17:21 | 显示全部楼层
资料真全啊,现在一朋友在悉尼做这个,转发内容:
在澳洲工作,必须持有政府要求的职业技术认证,我们有专门的中文课程和考试,保证您通过!
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QQ:2794 061 970
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发表于 25-2-2014 00:28:38 | 显示全部楼层
好找工吗?
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 楼主| 发表于 12-8-2015 08:45:20 | 显示全部楼层
根据最新考叉车的情况,这个帖子的复习资料已经过时。请不要参考
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发表于 17-8-2015 19:31:34 | 显示全部楼层
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