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[language study] 雅思写作 之 逻辑连接词与技巧篇

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发表于 9-11-2017 15:03:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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       今天为大家整理了雅思写作高分技巧和写作必备逻辑连接词,快来围观吧!
雅思写作高分技巧之统一性
一篇优秀的作文不仅仅在于词汇与句式的表达上,更注重的是这篇文章是否满足了统一性的要求,也就是说文章是否紧扣主题,段落安排是否合理,句子论述是否恰到好处等等。

      统一性是指所写的作文应该紧扣主题,也就是作者的核心观点,并要注意人称、文体和时态上的一致。此外,文章内容要均衡,不偏多或缺少。
统一性除了从文章整体上来体现之外,还要求每个段落的句子同样要满足统一性。一个段落通常由主题句和扩展句所构成,所以句子统一性则体现在主题句和扩展句上面。

     主题句是一个段落必不可少的成分,是一个段落的核心所在,也就是作者想要表达的中心观点,在一个段落中主题句应该只说明一个问题,或是一个问题的某个方面。每段只应有一个中心,任何偏离中心之外的句子都是无用的。而扩展句则必须紧密围绕着这个中心,给予充分说明,通过分析和议论,从而形成一个有机的整体。总之,文章的统一性是判断雅思作文质量的重要标准之一,考生要多多重视。

雅思写作高分技巧之完整性

     文章仅仅有统一性还远远不够,完整性也是不可或缺的因素。
文章段落的主题思想除了由主题句提出之外,还要依靠扩展句来实现,这就要求扩展句进一步补充和说明,比如举出具体事例加以证明,以便把主题解释清楚等,从而构成一个完整的段落。不过,即使扩展句表达充分,主题句却缺失或是没有恰当地表达出来,也会给读者一种意犹未尽的感觉。所以,只有保证文章的完整性才会让文章更加饱满贴切地表达出作者的所思所想,让读者理解的更加透彻。

雅思写作高分技巧之连贯性

     文章的连贯性与统一性紧密相关,是组词造句的基本要求。句子的统一性和连贯性是相辅相成的,统一性要求紧扣主题,而连贯性则要求整篇文章前后连贯,也要求句子和段落之间相互关联并衔接自然。
此外,句子与句子之间也要有一种自然逻辑关系,进而形成有机的整体。但是很多考生在写作时往往想到哪写到哪,句子安排的乱七八糟,缺乏连续性,结果只能给读者留下一种不成文或是找不到逻辑的感觉。为了达到连贯性的要求,考生可以适当地运用一些连接词,比如therefore、however等等,让文章内容连接的更加自然顺畅。

雅思必背逻辑连接词

     雅思写作中,逻辑连接词十分重要,能熟练的运用连接词能在雅思考试中大大受益,现在我们就来看看有哪些雅思写作必备逻辑连接词吧!

一、先后关系

at this time;
first;
second;
at last;
next;
previously;
simultaneously;
eventually;
last but not least;
to begin with;
to start with; to end with;
finally;
since then;
first of all;
afterwards;
following this;
preceding this;
prior to this

二、因果关系

because;
because of this;
since;
as;
for;
owing to;
due to;
for the reason that...;
in view of;
for such a reason;
as a result of;
therefore;
consequently;
as a result; thus;
hence;
so;
so that...;
in consequence;
as a consequence;
accordingly;
inevitably;
under these conditions

三、转折关系

but;
even so;
however;
though;
even though;
independent of;
reckless of ;
despite that;
in spite of that;
regardless of;
while…yet…;
unless...

四、并列关系

and;
also;
too;
as well as;
either...,or...;
both...and...;
for one thing...,for another...;
meanwhile;
at the same time

五、递进关系

furthermore;
moreover;
further;
In this way;
still;
not only...but also...;
not...but...;
in addition (to);
additionally, much more interesting;
more specifically;
next; besides;
as far as... is concerned;
moreover; in other words;
on one hand...;
on the other hand...;
even;
as a popular saying goes...;
in order to do it...;
to make things better(worse);
accordingly

六、比较关系


相同点:

in like manner, in comparison with;
when compared with;
compared with;
when in fact...;
like...;
likewise;
similarly important;
apart from(doing)...;
... rather than...,by doing so ;
both…and...;
in the same way;
not only...but (also)

不同点:

yet;
still;
for all of that;
notwithstanding;
rather;
neither ... nor;
although;
though;
but;
however;
sth is just the other way around;
yet;
conversely;
unlike;
opposed to;
as opposed to ;
in contrast;
by way of;
on the contrary;
different from this;
nevertheless;
contrary to;
whereas;
while

七、举例关系


for example;
for instance;
in this case;
namely;
as you know;
like;
such as;
a case inpoint is...;
in particular;
including...;
put it simply;
stated roughly;
as an illustration;
a good example would be...;
to detail this, I would like to...;
It is interesting to note that...;
as proof;
take the case of;
take…as example;
as for; as regards;
according to;
on this occasion.

八、强调关系

in fact;
especially;
particularly;
moreover;
naturally;
what is particular;
not to mention...;
believe it or not;
undeniably;
it is certain/sure that...;
by definition; definitely;
undoubtedly;
without a doubt;
in truth; in any event;
without reservation;
obviously;
not only..

九、条件关系

if;
unless;
lest;
provided that;
if it is the case;
in this sense;
once...;
if possible;
if necessary;
if so;
if not all;
if anything

十、归纳总结

in other words;
to put it in a nutshell;
in sum;
therefore;
hence;
in short;
in brief;
to sum up;
in conclusion;
in summary;
to conclude;
the conclusion can be drawn that...;
in short

以上是部分雅思写作中的常用词,如果同学们能够比较熟练的在写作中使用它们,那么考出高分还会遥远吗? 祝大家早日考到理想的成绩!
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